A for Application Programming Interface (API) – it is a software program that enables other software to develop on the same interface. API allows other software and programs to develop on pre-defined functions that enable them to interact with an operating system.


B for Browser – it is a computer program with a user interface used to navigate between website pages. It allows interaction between the website and the world wide web, allowing you to read anything on the internet.


C for Cybersquatting – it is the process of registering popular names as domain names, thus preventing someone else from purchasing them. The reason is stealing traffic from almost similar domain names or selling them for an inflated price. The Cybercrime Cct of Kenya prohibits such actions. Those found culpable face jail time, hefty fines or both.


D for Domain Name – it is the identifier of the website, usually a company, product or organisation name. It either starts with www or https: and ends with .ke, .net, .org or .com. The entity buys it from a registrar authorised by the Communication Authority of Kenya.


E for Extensible Provisional Protocol (EPP) Key – it is a process used by registrars to deter domain name holders from transferring their domains to another registrar before the lapse of the provisional period. Registrars offering discounted services use the EPP key to discourage domain name holders from moving the domains to other registrars before the end of the promotional period.


F for Front Running – it is a process where a domain look-up service scans and harvests expired or unused domains. The aim is to register and sell them at inflated prices.


G for Grace Period – this is the time after the expiry of the domain name that the registrar gives you to renew it. If this grace period elapses, usually after 30 days, the domain name is open for purchase by another entity or person.


H for Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP) – it is a network protocol designed to facilitate data communication across the internet. It works as a request-response protocol that aids in communication between the server and clients.


I for Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) – it is the international holding company that coordinates all domain names and regulates the industry. ICANN is the custodian of all the internet naming systems.


J for JavaScript – it is a programming language central to website development, especially on the client side. As of 2022, almost 98% of all websites globally use JavaScript on the client side.


K for Kitting – it is a domain registration process that sees a customer purchase and delete a domain within the promotional period. Such actions occur when the domain registrar has a free domain name promotion. Kitting, in this case, is a way of accessing the domain name without incurring the registration fees after the lapse of the promotion.


L for Landing Page – it is the web page attached to the main domain. In most cases, it has summary information of the website and other web links for more explanations. Most websites do SEO on the landing page for more traction and its interconnectivity to other web pages on the same domain.


M for Mail Exchange Record (MX Record) – it is a record within the DNS that locates the mail server to which an email should be delivered. It aids in mail delivery for customised emails and even locate additional backup servers (in case of multiple servers.)


N for Nameserver – it is the web directory from which domain names are attached for web hosting purposes. As a domain name holder, you enter the name server details against the domain name to give it space for website themes and customised emails.


O for .org – it is a Top-level domain assigned to non-commercial entities, especially non-governmental or non-profit organisations. We also have, which is a second-level domain created for organisations based in Kenya.


P for Packing – this is s process where the domain name holder redirects the domain to an existing page. The aim is to either use it as an advertising avenue or keep it engaged until a time when they are ready to use it.


R for Registrar – these are business entities accredited by the government through the Communications Authority of Kenya to sell domain names. For example, is an accredited registrar, authorised to sell top-level domains.


S for Search Engine Optimization – it is a process of tweaking and improving website content to improve its visibility on search engines. The goal is to make it appear on the top when you search for a website or a keyword.


T for Top Level Domain (TLD) – these are the 2 letter words on the domain name suffix that denotes country .ke), organisation (.org), commercial entity (.com) or network (.net). They are identifiers of the domain that aids in faster classification.


U for Uniform Resource Locator (URL) – these are alphanumeric characters found on the web browser. Each webpage, document or image has unique characters, making it easy for the internet to find it.


V for Value Added Reseller (VAR) – an independent business or vendor who facilitates the purchase of domains to final users. The resellers are registered onto the overall directory but mapped to the VAR.


W for WHOIS – it is an internet system that can check owners of registered domains bought worldwide. Some also show the contact details of the registrar and DNS server.


X for XHTML (Extensible hypertext markup language) – it is a hybrid of Hypertext markup language (HTML) and Extensible markup language (XML). It is a coding language that allows interconnection between programs and applications.


Y for Yet Another Hierarchically Officious Oracle (YAHOO) – is a search engine that works as a social network, content management and advertising company. It was founded in 1994 by David Filo and Jerry Young by putting together several websites.


Z for Zone File – it is a file within the nameserver system that lists all subdomains associated with a domain name. IP addresses and mail servers are the main components. In other jurisdictions, the Zone file is called a DNS table.

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